Terpenes and The Benefits They Add to CBD
CBD, and CBD terpenes, have risen to gargantuan levels of fame thanks to widespread media attention, celebrity love, and being praised by the internet. It’s no longer taboo to be a part of the marijuana club.
However, CBD isn’t the only miracle compound to hatch out of industrial hemp plants.
Hemp is a treasure trove of healthy cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes – all of which have tremendous therapeutic potential for the human body.
While isolate formulas only contain CBD, full-spectrum products contain other useful extracts like CBD terpenes that are beneficial to health.
This is known as the entourage effect, in which terpenes and phytocannabinoids complement one another for an improved therapeutic effect.
It’s all backed up by preclinical and clinical data, which can be found here.
This is why we’re a little biased towards full-spectrum CBD products because the synergistic effect of using multiple terpenes along with CBD tends to yield more effective results.
We’re not pushing you to change your preferences, but a cursory glance at the health benefits might convince you. It’s strange why they’re not nearly as popular as CBD.
What Are CBD Terpenes?
Terpenes are aromatic organic hydrocarbons characterized by their strong smell, and they’re used by plants to ward off predators that might eat them.
Here’s a mind-boggling terpenes fact: Over 200 different strains of terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant alone.
Most people are already very familiar with terpenes since they are found in abundance in various essential oils.
Limonene, for instance, is found in the essential oil of lemons. Beta-pinene and alpha are found in the essential oil of pine needles.
Terpenes are responsible for giving cannabis their fragrant flavors and smells.
Check out the following seven terpenes and the health benefits they add to CBD.
1. Pain and Inflammation: Myrcene
This delicate and naturally occurring molecule has a fruity taste and musky aroma. Myrcene is the most abundant terpene in hemp, composing an average of 50% or more of the total terpene content.
A March 2015 study on osteoarthritis demonstrated that myrcene has anti-catabolic and anti-inflammatory properties. It slowed, and in a few cases halted, the destruction of the cartilage responsible for osteoarthritis.
A 2011 study published in the British Journal of Pharmacology found that myrcene helped diminish inflammation in mice. It also acted as a sedative, relaxing their muscles and aiding with sleep.
Myrcene has been shown to act as a regulator, which can enhance the effects of CBD. Some consumers of cannabis are known to eating mangoes rich in myrcene to intensify their experience.
A study conducted by Sleep Hill Labs found that myrcenes allow more cannabinoids to be absorbed into the brain. These studies establish the properties of myrcene as an antibiotic and sedative with antispasmodic qualities.
2. Stress and Anxiety: Linalool
Linalool has been the go-to choice for people experiencing chronic depression and anxiety. It has been described by experts as a ‘stress fighting machine.’
Most of us know linalool from the distinct scent of lavender. Researchers found that linalool helped rats reduce their stress levels.
Since stress and depression are closely related, linalool can help people reduce symptoms of depression.
A study was conducted on rats coping with crippling depression. Rats that had linalool in their systems were able to curb life-threatening situations.
Furthermore, it has been found that linalool can be used to fight off infections in plants and flowers. However, further research will be required to see how linalool can help with infections in humans.
Linalool has practical use as an anti-epileptic. A 2010 study on anticonvulsant activity found that linalool has potential use in treating seizures brought about tans-corneal electroshock.
People have used lavender essential oils for thousands of years to get good quality sleep.
This property is attributed to linalool. In a study of 31 people, researchers found that sniffing lavender helped volunteers get high quality of sleep and feel fully recharged the next morning.
3. Cardiovascular Diseases: Borneol
Borneol is the terpene that promotes cardiovascular health and improves digestion (by stimulating gastric juices).
It eases breathing by improving lung function and effective treats bronchial symptoms, this makes borneol ideal for patients suffering from asthma and bronchitis.
Borneol has been used in ancient medicine as a topical treatment for various applications, including hemorrhoids. Perhaps more importantly, borneol helps amplify the entourage effects.
4. Anti-bacterial Properties: Pinene
By far the most abundant terpene in the world is pinene. It has two further types: alpha and beta. Alpha pinene is responsible for giving pine trees their distinct signature scent.
Alpha pinene is the more dominant Pinene in hemp. Research shows that pinene possesses advanced anti-microbial properties that can treat viral infections and kill life threatening bacteria.
Pinene can be used to treat bronchitis, a dangerous health condition that is difficult to treat because of the body’s natural resistance to antibiotics.
Pinene also has the ability to kill a very contagious superbug known as MRSA or Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This superbug has eluded scientists because it has shown resistance to many commonly used antibiotics.
5. Gastrointestinal Problems and Cancer: Limonene
While limonene has shown anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties, its most promising use is in the treatment of gastrointestinal problems.
Studies have shown that limonene assists in the healing of mucous cells in the digestive tract.
It also increases absorption rates of other terpenes located throughout the body.
A study found that those who consumed citrus fruit peel (a major source of limonene), had lower risks of developing skin cancer compared to those who discarded the peel.
This hints that limonene might have something to do with preventing cancer.
Another study on rodents found that limonene prevented the growth of skin tumors due to its anti-inflammation and anti-oxidant properties.
6. Preventing Cancer: Humulene
Humulene is the terpene that can kill cancer cells. It’s the molecule responsible for a pungent aroma in basils, cloves, ginsengs, sages, and hops.
Humulene has powerful anti-cancer properties that have been closely documented in a 2003 study on tumor cell lines.
The findings showed that humulene produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) which oxidize cancer cells and slowly killing them in a process known as apoptosis.
The anti-cancer properties become even more potent, up to 50 percent by some estimates, if you combine humulene with beta-caryophyllene (another terpene found in hemp).
7. Insomnia: Nerolidol
Nerolidol is a secondary terpene in hemp plants. It has sedative properties that can be used to treat insomnia.
Other medical applications for terpene include its use as an antiparasitic, antimicrobial, and antifungal compound.
Clinical trials have shown that nerolidol enhances water-based applications by a factor of 200. Nerolidol can be used to heal skin lesions.
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